Many events happened in the year 2009 all over the world, and mainly 2009 was labeled as International Year of Astronomy, International Year of Natural Fibres, International Year of Reconciliation, and Year of the Gorilla (UNEP and UNESCO).
2009 Nobel Prizes
There are six Nobel prices gained in 2009. In Chemistry, by Ada Yonath, Venkatraman Ramakrihnan, and Thomas A. Steitz. In Economics, by Elinor Ostrom and Oliver E. Williamson. In Literature, by Herta Muller, and in Peace by Barack Obama. In Physics, by Charles K. Kao, William Boyle, and George E. Smith. And in Physiology or Medicine, by Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol W. Greider, and Jack W. Szostak.
Brand-new words formulated
In 2009, there are four new words to add in the dictionary, which are alt-right, anti-vaxxer, coppernicium, and subtweet.
Month to month worldwide review in 2009
- On the United Nations Security Council, the countries Austria, Mexico, Japan, Uganda and Turkey assumed their seats.
- The Bitcoin system was established by Satoshi Nakamoto.
- The three-week war between Israel and Gaza ended.
- Prime Minister Geir Haarde Resigned.
- The new Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church is Patriarch Kirill of Moscow.
- The first appointed lesbian Prime Minister of Iceland is Johanna Siguroardottir.
- NASA’s Kepler Mission was launched in Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.
- Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir was arrested for war crimes.
- Guinea-Bissau’s 2nd President, Joao Bernardo Vieira was assassinated.
- Albania and Croatia became the newest members of NATO.
- North Korea launched a rocket the Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground.
- The World Digital Library was launched by UNESCO.
- Sri Lankan Civil war ended.
- North Korea was successful in their second nuclear test.
- Prince Henrik of Denmark was born on the 4th of May.
- Swine flu was considered global pandemic
- Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter/LCROSS was launched by NASA.
- Honduran President Manuel Zelaya was ousted.
- 21st century’s longest total solar eclipse happened in Asia and the Pacific Ocean.
- Boko Haram, an Islamic extremist group started an uprising in Bauchi State, Nigeria.
- Bolivia declared that indigenous individuals have the right to govern themselves.
- Typhoon Morakat, the worst flood hit Taiwan.
- Guinean military massacred at least 157 demonstrators.
- The Ardipithecus ramidus fossil skeleton, the oldest human ancestral remains was discovered by paleontologists.
- A second referendum was help by Ireland on the EU’s Lisbon Treaty.
- Rio de Janeiro was awarded by the International Olympic Committee the right to be the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics.
- Czech Republic signed the Treaty of Lisbon and became a member of the European Union.
- NASA declared that there is a “significant” amount of water found in the Moon’s Cabeus crater.
- The Treaty of Lisbon was finalized.
- GJ 1214 b was discovered by astronomers. It is the first known exoplanet that water can exist.